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Home / Grammatica / Passive construction – passieve vorm

Passive construction – passieve vorm

In het Engels bestaat er naast de actieve vorm ook een passieve vorm, passive construction genaamd.

Op deze pagina geven we uitleg en gaan we dieper in op dit onderwerp.

passive construction engels

Uitleg passive construction -verschil tussen actieve en passieve vorm.

In de actieve vorm staat de persoon die iets doet centraal, terwijl in de passieve vorm de persoon die iets ondergaat centraal staat.

Bijvoorbeeld:

Actieve zin President Bush started the war in Iraq.
Passieve zin The war in Iraq was started by president Bush.
Actieve zin Laura sold her house.
Passieve zin The house was sold (by Laura).

Opmerkingen over bovenstaande voorbeelden:

  • In de actieve zinnen is er sprake van volgende onderwerpen: “president Bush” en Laura
  • In de passieve zinnen ligt het onderwerp anders: “the war in Iraq” en “the house”

Hoe vorm je een passive construction?

Je maakt de passieve vorm door volgende combinatie:

  • Vorm van “to be”
  • Voltooid deelwoord

Het moeilijke aan passieve zinnen betreft de mogelijkheid dat ze in verschillende tijden kunnen voorkomen. De vorm van “tob e” zal aangeven in welke tijd de zin staat: dit is dus zeer belangrijk.

Overzicht passieve vorm – verschillende tijden

/  simple present present continuous simple past past continuous present perfect past perfect future
I am arrested am being arrested was arrested was being arrested have been arrested had been arrested will be arrested
You are arrested are being arrested were arrested were being arrested have been arrested had been arrested will be arrested
He / she is arrested is being arrested was arrested was being arrested have been arrested had been arrested will be arrested
We are arrested are being arrested were arrested were being arrested have been arrested had been arrested will be arrested
You are arrested are being arrested were arrested were being arrested have been arrested had been arrested will be arrested
They are arrested are being arrested were arrested were being arrested have been arrested had been arrested will be arrested
Passive construction – passieve vorm
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